Byzantine food refers to the food of Byzantine, a part of Roman Empire. The food is the result of the fusion of Roman and Greek cooking styles. With the development of Byzantine trade and empire, various kinds of new vegetables and spices, along with sugar, were brought in the region, which eventually led to the experimentation of various ingredients to come up with unique and distinct dishes. As a result of experimenting with different ingredients, two different cooking styles, viz Eastern Aegean and Asia Minor, emerged. Thus, came into existence Byzantine cuisine which has its own leaner style of preparing food, while preserving the Greek tradition.
Historical Influence on Byzantine Cuisine
The cultural influence of Arabic Empire, Persian Empire, and Lombard Italy has had a great impact on the Byzantine food. Later on Turkish cuisine and Greek cuisine influenced the cuisine of Byzantine, which is now reflected in the food of Byzantine.
Cooking Methods in the Cuisine of Byzantine
Though frying and grilling methods are used in preparing Byzantine food, yet boiling is the method of cooking which is immensely popular in the cuisine of Byzantine.
Popular Foods of Byzantine Cuisine
- Oranges, lemons, jams, fruits preserves, egg plants, and jelly are popular food items in Byzantine region.
- Another Byzantine food which is commonly consumed in the region is rice pudding, which is often served with honey.
- Sauces made of vinegar, oil, and honey are highly famous in the region.
- Cabbage and salt pork are common types of Byzantine food among the poor people.
- Dried figs, walnuts and capers are used as meal starters by the people of Byzantine.
- Salads are very popular in the region.
- Fish and shellfish, both salt water and fresh are relished a lot by the people of Byzantine.