Greek name and pronunciation:
At the market:
Origin, History, and Mythology:
To Egyptians of antiquity, rosemary for good for both the living and the dead. The herb was buried with the pharaohs. Believed to have magical powers to banish evil spirits, it was burned in sick rooms as a disinfectant, and was used to ward off the plague.
Perhaps the earliest written record of man’s use of rosemary dates from the 5th millenium B.C.E., by Sumerians in cuneiform on stone tablets.
As a medicine, various preparations and extracts made from rosemary were used to treat stomach and abdominal pain, to soothe mouth ulcers and sore throats, to lessen the pains of arthritic joints, to promote healing of wounds and of eczema. Rosemary is called “the herb of remembrance.” Rosemary tea is said to act as a stimulant for study and concentration.
In certain cultures, it was/is customary for the bride to have a sprig of rosemary in her wreath or wedding bouquet. Perhaps rosemary is Cupid’s “herbal matchmaker,” as suggested by the lyrics of an ancient ballad: “Young men and maids do ready stand, With sweet rosemary in their hands.”