Greek Recipes

Greek and Cypriot recipes

Crusty Greek Country Bread – Horiatiko Psomi

In Greek: χωριάτικο ψωμί, pronounced hoh-ree-AH-tee-koh psoh-MEE

In villages around Greece, this classic bread is still baked in outdoor wood-burning ovens. This bread is more dense than other types of bread (the loaf at right measures about 13 inches across and weighs a little more than 2 pounds) and can be made with a variety of flours or a combination of more than one. If you have your own sourdough starter, use 1/2 pound (slightly less than one cup for most starters) in place of the yeast in the recipe.

Crusty Greek Country Bread - Horiatiko Psomi

Crusty Greek Country Bread – Horiatiko Psomi

Prep Time: 3 hours, 20 minutes

Cook Time: 30 minutes

Total Time: 3 hours, 50 minutes


  • 1 ounce of fresh yeast or 2 tablespoons of dry yeast
  • 1/2 cup (4 fl.oz) of lukewarm water
  • 1/2 cup (62g) of flour (whatever type used for bread)
  • 2 1/5 pounds (1 kilo / 8 cups) of bread flour (whole wheat, barley, white, corn, or other)
  • 1 tablespoon of salt
  • 2 1/2 cups (20 fl.oz) of lukewarm water
  • 2 tablespoons of milk
  • 2 tablespoons of olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons of honey


In a small bowl, dissolve the yeast in lukewarm ** water. Slowly add the 1/2 cup of flour and mix until all lumps of flour have dissolved, to form a thick liquid. Allow to rise about 15-20 minutes.


     If using sourdough starter, omit this step, and make a sponge with 1/2 pound of starter, the 1/2 cup of lukewarm water, and 1/2 cup of flour. Set aside to rise for 2 hours.

Sift the remaining flour with the salt, put in a large mixing bowl, and make a well in the center. Add oil, honey, milk, yeast mixture (or sourdough starter), and 2 cups of the water in the well. Pulling in the flour slowly, mix with hands until it’s a cohesive mass. (If more water is needed, add in small amounts from the remaining 1/2 cup.) Turn out onto a floured surface and continue kneading until the dough is nice and smooth and no longer sticks to the hands.

Place the dough in a lightly oiled mixing bowl and roll until all sides of the dough are lightly oiled. Cover the bowl with 3 dishtowels: one dry, one dampened with warm water (wet towel and wring out), and the other dry. Place in a warm place and allow to rise until doubled, about 1 1/2 to 2 hours.

Punch down and knead for 5-6 minutes on a floured surface. Divide the dough into the number of loaves you want to make (this works well in 3-4 loaves), and form into round or oblong or baguette shaped loaves. Place several inches apart on ungreased cookie sheets and cover with 3 clean dishtowels (the middle one damp). In a warm place, allow the loaves to rise for 1 hour.

Preheat oven to 450F (220C).


     The baking temperature has been adjusted down in response to reader comments.

For a thicker crust, score the tops of the loaves in 3 or 4 places (see photo). Otherwise, bake as is on the rack just below the middle of the oven for 30-35 minutes until browned. When tapped on the bottom, bread will sound hollow.

When the loaves are done, remove from oven and cool on racks.


  • Use a good “strong” flour – i.e., hard flour, also known as bread flour.
  • If the honey you’re using is very thick, place the jar in a saucepan containing 1 inch of water and warm.
  • No honey on hand, or don’t care for it? Leave it out.

lukewarm **:

Question: How Hot is Lukewarm?

Especially in baking, recipes usually say dissolve yeast in a “lukewarm” liquid (usually water or milk). How hot is that? Can I measure it without using a thermometer?

Answer:“Lukewarm” generally means between 98 and 105 degrees Fahrenheit, 36.5 to 40.5 Celsius. When you run the water on your wrist and it feels warmer than your body temperature, but not hot, that should be just about right. If you’ve ever tested the temperature of warm formula or milk in a baby’s bottle, that’s lukewarm!

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